Icebreaker in the Baltic - Photo Plisson

Icebreaker in the Baltic

Every winter, the Gulf of Bothnia, northern arm of the Baltic Sea, completely freezes. Full of rocks, narrow and shallow, the Baltic Sea communicates with the outside by small straits. Therefore its water, not often renewed, is slightly salty (it is sweet even in the Gulf of Bothnia) and freezes when the cold winter settles over northern Europe.

Despite these restrictive conditions of navigation maritime traffic is dense. Over 80% of Finland's foreign trade transits by sea. When the sea is solidified and the boats no longer pass, icebreakers come in. They assist for free or nearly, commercial vessels wishing to go to ports isolated by ice. Without them, the Finnish economy would freeze at the same time as the sea.

In 1890, Finland launched to water his first icebreaker. At that time, the mission was limited to open the passage to the main ports of Hanko and Helsinki in the south. The steam icebreaker was slowly breaking the ice by successive assaults. Today, Finland has nine icebreakers. This fleet of destroyers allows 23 of the 60 Finnish ports established along the 1500 km of coastline, to keep open all year long, and to some 14 000 ships to reach their destination during the winter season.

Among them, Otso, powerful last generation icebreaker, built in 1987, advancing at an average speed of 16 knots in an ice 50 cm thick, sometimes more. The ice breaks up in front of his strong bow while his followers slip through behind him. When he is not solicited, it stops on the ice and waits. The idleness is usually short term. A commercial ship approaching the district in which operates the icebreaker does not take long to contact him to ask for his assistance. When conditions permiting, ice-breakers simply maintain open the main navigation channels. Commercial vessels can then take them on their own. But when the ice becomes thicker, the boats are assisted one by one. On the white immensity, the two vessels, in solidarity, only a trace a single wake.

Texte : Anne Jankeliowitch

Photo Galleries/Reports/Icebreaker in the Baltic

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AA09099 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09099

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09099

03/01/2005
4992 x 3328 px
12 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09105 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09105

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09105

03/01/2005
2499 x 1650 px
3 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09108 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09108

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09108

03/01/2005
4901 x 3161 px
10 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09106 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09106

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09106

03/01/2005
4992 x 3328 px
13 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09119 Maritime route in the Baltic Sea.
Maritime route in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09119

Maritime route in the Baltic Sea.

AA09119

03/01/2005
6304 x 2362 px
2 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09123 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09123

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09123

03/01/2005
6328 x 2362 px
2 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA12285 Icebreaker in the baltic sea.
Icebreaker in the baltic sea. Philip Plisson AA12285

Icebreaker in the baltic sea.

AA12285

01/01/1900
4992 x 3328 px
3 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA14115 On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea.
On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea. Philip Plisson AA14115

On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea.

AA14115

01/01/1900
4064 x 2704 px
997 Ko
RGB Truecolor
AA14117 On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea.
On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea. Philip Plisson AA14117

On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea.

AA14117

01/01/1900
4064 x 2704 px
1 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA14119 On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea.
On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea. Philip Plisson AA14119

On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea.

AA14119

01/01/1900
4992 x 3328 px
1 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA14118 On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea.
On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea. Philip Plisson AA14118

On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea.

AA14118

01/01/1900
4992 x 3328 px
855 Ko
RGB Truecolor
AA14124 Ship at Baltic sea
Ship at Baltic sea Philip Plisson AA14124

Ship at Baltic sea

AA14124

01/01/1900
4064 x 2704 px
977 Ko
RGB Truecolor
AA14121 On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea.
On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea. Philip Plisson AA14121

On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea.

AA14121

01/01/1900
4992 x 3328 px
2 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA14122 On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea.
On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea. Philip Plisson AA14122

On board of an icebreaker in the Baltic sea.

AA14122

01/01/1900
4992 x 3328 px
2 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA14123 Icebreaker in the Baltic sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic sea. Philip Plisson AA14123

Icebreaker in the Baltic sea.

AA14123

01/01/1900
4992 x 3328 px
1 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA14297 Transport of wood in the Baltic sea.
Transport of wood in the Baltic sea. Philip Plisson AA14297

Transport of wood in the Baltic sea.

AA14297

01/01/1900
4064 x 2704 px
1 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA14298 Raahe lighthouse in the Baltic sea.
Raahe lighthouse in the Baltic sea. Philip Plisson AA14298

Raahe lighthouse in the Baltic sea.

AA14298

01/01/1900
4064 x 2704 px
3 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09091 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09091

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09091

03/01/2005
4992 x 3328 px
11 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09097 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09097

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09097

03/01/2005
4992 x 3328 px
12 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09100 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09100

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09100

03/01/2005
4992 x 3328 px
12 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09102 Aboard an icebreaker.
Aboard an icebreaker. Philip Plisson AA09102

Aboard an icebreaker.

AA09102

03/01/2005
4992 x 3328 px
12 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09109 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09109

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09109

03/01/2005
4992 x 3328 px
12 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09110 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09110

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09110

03/01/2005
4992 x 3328 px
13 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09186 Tug maintaining the access channel to Helsinki.
Tug maintaining the access channel to Helsinki. Philip Plisson AA09186

Tug maintaining the access channel to Helsinki.

AA09186

03/10/2005
4064 x 2704 px
2 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09195 Tug maintaining the access channel to Helsinki.
Tug maintaining the access channel to Helsinki. Philip Plisson AA09195

Tug maintaining the access channel to Helsinki.

AA09195

03/10/2005
4992 x 3328 px
4 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09085 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09085

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09085

03/01/2005
4064 x 2704 px
6 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09087 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09087

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09087

03/01/2005
4064 x 2704 px
3 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09089 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09089

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09089

03/01/2005
4992 x 3328 px
5 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09088 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09088

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09088

03/01/2005
4992 x 3328 px
13 Mo
RGB Truecolor
AA09093 Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.
Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. Philip Plisson AA09093

Icebreaker in the Baltic Sea.

AA09093

03/01/2005
3328 x 4992 px
1 Mo
RGB Truecolor